Keenan Briefings

Briefings

HCR: New Guidance for Preventive Care Benefits Under a High Deductible Health Plan

July 25, 2019

Contributions to a Health Savings Account are contingent upon an individual’s participation in a high deductible health plan (HDHP). In order to retain the status of being an HDHP, such plans may not pay benefits unless and until the minimum deductible amount has been satisfied. In 2019, the minimum deductible amount is $1,350 for self-only coverage and $2,700 for family coverage.

An HDHP may provide preventive care benefits without a deductible or with a deductible less than the minimum annual deductible amount (the “safe harbor”) subject to the requirements of the Affordable Care Act. [1] Generally speaking, “preventive care” that is not subject to the deductible limits includes but is not limited to:

  • Periodic health evaluations, including tests and diagnostic procedures ordered in connection with routine examinations, such as annual physicals;
  • Routine prenatal and well-child care;
  • Tobacco cessation programs;
  • Obesity weight-loss programs; and
  • Screening services (including screening for cancer, heart and vascular diseases, mental health conditions, substance use disorder, metabolic/nutritional/endocrine conditions, musculoskeletal disorders, obstetric and gynecological conditions, pediatric conditions and vision and hearing disorders).

Notably, until recently, there was no preventive care safe harbor for services or benefits intended to treat an existing illness, injury, or condition. For detailed information regarding the preventive care safe harbor, please review IRS Notice 2004-23 at: https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-drop/n-04-23.pdf. IRS Notice 2004-50 (Q 26 and Q 27) provides further insights into the preventive care safe harbor (https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-drop/n-04-50.pdf).

Effective July 17, 2019, the Treasury Department and Internal Revenue Service, in consultation with the Department of Health and Human Services, issued Notice 2019-45 (the “Notice”) that provides new guidance on the preventive care safe harbor for chronic conditions.

The Notice allows certain medical care services and items purchased (including prescription drugs) for certain chronic conditions to be characterized as preventive care for purposes of the preventive care safe harbor (i.e. not required to be subject to the minimum deductible amount).

The Notice is specific about what items/services come within the definition of “preventive care” and requires the items/services be prescribed and of low cost. Moreover, there must be medical evidence supporting high cost efficiency (a large expected impact) of preventing exacerbation of the chronic condition or the development of a secondary condition and a strong likelihood, documented by clinical evidence, that with respect to the class of individuals prescribed the item or service, the specific service or use of the item will prevent the exacerbation of the chronic condition or the development of a secondary condition that requires significantly higher cost treatments.

The new items and services for chronic conditions are listed below. These are the only items/services that are being added to the definition of “preventive care” even though other items/services may satisfy the requirements described above.

Preventive Care of Specified
Conditions

For Individuals Diagnosed with

Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

Congestive heart failure, diabetes, and/or coronary artery disease

Anti-resorptive therapy

Osteoporosis and/or osteopenia

Beta-blockers

Congestive heart failure and/or coronary artery disease

Blood pressure monitor

Hypertension

Inhaled corticosteroids

Asthma

Insulin and other glucose lowering agents

Diabetes

Retinopathy screening

Diabetes

Peak Flow Meter

Asthma

Glucometer

Diabetes

Hemoglobin A1c testing

Diabetes

International Normalized Ration (INR) testing

Liver disease and/or bleeding disorders

Low-density Lipoprotein (LDL) Testing

Heart disease

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRis)

Depression

Statins

Heart disease and/or diabetes


Plan Sponsors who wish to provide these services outside of the deductible limits of their HDHP should amend their plans accordingly and should ensure coordination with the Affordable Care Act preventive services mandate.

Please contact your Keenan Account Manager for questions regarding this Briefing.

[1] All non-grandfathered plans, whether or not an HDHP, must provide preventive care services without a deductible as described in the Affordable Care Act. For a list of those services, please visit: https://www.healthcare.gov/coverage/preventive-care-benefits/


Keenan & Associates is not a law firm and no opinion, suggestion, or recommendation of the firm or its employees shall constitute legal advice. Clients are advised to consult with their own attorney for a determination of their legal rights, responsibilities and liabilities, including the interpretation of any statute or regulation, or its application to the clients’ business activities.